Due to the climate crisis, we need a coal phase-out by 2030 in all OECD countries and by 2050 globally.
The IPCC Special Report 1.5°C concludes that the global average temperature already has risen by 1°C compared to 1850 and 1900 (IPCC 2018). Among climate researchers there is a very strong consensus (between 90 and 100%) that humans are causing the recent global warming (Cook et. al. 2016). There is a clear correlation between the proportion of CO2 in the atmosphere and the increase in the mean global air temperature. If no further efforts are made to drastically reduce emissions quickly, the consequences will be more extreme weather events, like storms and floods, rising sea levels and sharply declining food production yields (IPCC 2018, 2014).
(a) Annually and globally averaged combined land and ocean surface temperature anomalies relative to the average over the period 1986 to 2005. Colours indicate different data sets.
Source: (IPCC 2019)
If no further efforts are made to drastically reduce emissions quickly, this would lead to severe consequences like extreme weather events like storms and floods, rising sea levels or sharply declining food production yields (IPCC 2018, 2014). To prevent this, 180 countries committed themselves with the Paris Climate Agreement in December 2015 to limiting global warming to below 2°C, aiming at 1.5°C. Nevertheless, global greenhouse gas emissions have not decreased in recent years. According to current forecasts, the climate target of less than 2 degrees will clearly be missed (BMUB 2016; Oei et al. 2019). Coal is the most CO2 intensive fossil energy source (Sachverständigenrat für Umweltfragen 2017; DIW Berlin, Wuppertal Institut, and Ecologic Institut 2018) In order to still meet the goals, everyone has to stop using coal for electricity generation.