Caring for carbon-intensive regions in transition

Using a feminist perspective to create a more just society | April 2024


Women and their interests are underrepresented in transition policy. They benefit less from transition measures and areas of activity that are female-dominated, such as education and care, receive less attention than male-dominated areas of activity. Including more diverse voices and needs can improve the efficiency and sustainability of the transition.
The upgrading of these fields of action is not only necessary in terms of equality policy but also because there is a special need for care in many carbon-intensive regions. The social and economic stress that the transition can cause requires emotional labour and support for those affected. Social conflicts that exist around fossil fuel extraction must be addressed. Social divisions – visible, for example, in high support for right-wing populist parties – must be dealt with and outmigration must be countered.


  • Europa-Universität Flensburg

  • Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy

  • Estonian Environmental Research Centre