India’s Energy Transition

The Cost of Meeting Air Pollution Standards in the Coal-fired Electricity Sector


It will cost up to INR 86,135 crore (USD 12 billion) to comply with India’s rules for air pollution control technology in the current fleet of coal power plants, increasing the average cost of electricity by 9–21 per cent per kWh. The Ministry of Power must take a strict position to ensure compliance.


  • International Institute for Sustainable Development

  • Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)