Download all Coal Transitions Project reports
I. STRENGTHENING NATIONAL COAL TRANSITIONS TO RAISE CLIMATE AMBITION
Multiple environmental, economic and political drivers have caused the coal transitions issue to become a key climate policy discussion topic, leading to a call for an assurance of “just transition”. Thus, this paper discusses the need for governments to raise their overall ambitions and nationally determined contributions (NDCs) towards coal transitions and reflects on how they should do it so that it is just for all stakeholders—especially coal sector workers and their communities—whose economic livelihoods depend on the future of an industry that will be in decline.
2017 Raise Climate Ambition Report [PDF – 891 KB] Download
II. TRANSITIONING BEYOND COAL: LESSONS FROM THE STRUCTURAL RENEWAL OF EUROPE’S OLD INDUSTRIAL REGIONS
It is often assumed that a transition to a low-carbon future will have highly disruptive and potentially devastating effects on coal regions and their communities. However, evidence from the experience of industrial decline and attempted renewal in Europe’s old industrial regions demonstrates that successful regional transition is—while not inevitable—indeed possible. Drawing on the literature of regional resilience and innovation, the paper offers lessons, insights and cautionary warnings from the experience of renewal initiatives in Europe’s old industrial regions and illustrates the ways in which some of the seeds for a ‘just’ regional transitions to zero-carbon economies may, in fact, lie in a careful understanding of the potential to build on the specific historical context of the regions industrial development and capabilities.
2017 Industrial Transitions [PDF – 998 KB] Download
III. Prospects for a “just transition” away from coal-fired power generation in Australia: Learning from the closure of the Hazelwood Power Station
This recent “case study has demonstrated that the positions of key civil society stakeholders in Australia’s energy debate, including unions, environment groups and to some extent business groups have been converging toward a “just”—or at least an orderly—transition as a dominant political narrative for substantive policies to improve the transition arrangements in the Australian energy sector. Strengthening and perhaps formalising these alliances will improve the incentives for political parties to invest in long-term policies in the energy sector.”
2017 Hazelwood Power Station [PDF – 998 KB] Download
IV. COAL TRANSITIONS IN CHINA’S POWER SECTOR: A PLANT-LEVEL ASSESSMENT OF STRANDED ASSETS AND RETIREMENT PATHWAYS
This paper addresses the following questions:
- Under plausible scenarios for the development of the demand/supply balance, load factors, and generation margins, what is the profitability of Chinese coal-fired power plants and the scale of potential asset stranding?
- What policies could be deployed to limit the political economy frictions of power sector transition in China?
- What would be the potential economic retirement schedule of Chinese coal-fired power plants, given the modelled investment costs, load factors, and margins? Put more simply, how quickly could China get out of coal power?
2017 Coal Transitions in China [PDF – 713 KB] Download
V. LESSONS FROM PREVIOUS COAL TRANSITIONS
The stabilisation of the climate system in line with the Paris Agreement on climate change is impossible without the timely phase out of unabated coal from the global energy system. As is increasingly recognised, this transition must also be “just” for workers and local communities. The Coal Transitions report inform the future of coal producing regions, highlighting key lessons from previous coal transitions, in the Netherlands, UK, Czech Republic, Poland, Spain and the US
2017 Synthesis Report [PDF – 990 KB] Download
COUNTRY CASE STUDIES
Czech Republic [PDF – 1,131 KB] Download
Spain [PDF – 1,276 KB] Download
Poland [PDF – 1,276 KB] Download
The Netherlands [PDF – 927 KB] Download
The United Kingdom [PDF – 842 KB] Download
The United States [PDF – 990 KB] Download
Download the most important messages of the project.
Expect the next coal transition reports:
- Global report on coal transitions (2018)
- Round Table on the Future of Coal (2018)